Magnetotelluric Study of the Hangai Dome, Mongolia: Phase II (2017)

  • Michael Becken (Contributor)
  • Alexey Kuvshinov (Contributor)
  • M.J. Comeau (Contributor)
  • Johannes Käufl (Contributor)



Surface deformation in the continental interior, away from active tectonic margins, is enigmatic, with the underlying mechanisms responsible not fully understood. Therefore, it is considered an open and important question in continental dynamics. The Hangai Dome, central Mongolia, is an ideal location to explore this because it is a high-elevation, low-relief, intra-continental region within the Mongolian plateau, between the Siberian and North China cratons, and within the Central Asian Orogenic Belt.

The tectonic history of Central Mongolia is not well understood. It consists of several lithotectonic units that have influenced the formation and development of the region. The Hangai region has had intraplate volcanism throughout the Cenozoic, including as recently as the Holocene, in addition to older Mesozoic volcanic activity. It is characterized by dispersed, low-volume, alkali basaltic volcanism. Furthermore, major shear fault systems bound the Hangai region and central Mongolia.

Our objective is to collect high-resolution magnetotelluric data to image the electrical resistivity structure of the crust and upper mantle beneath the Hangai Dome in order to better understand the processes and mechanisms responsible for intracontinental uplift and intraplate volcanism in this unique region, helping shed light on the Hangai region.

Building on the successful first phase of the project (2016), a second phase was completed in 2017. We expanded our magnetotelluric measurement array: to the west along four new profiles; to the south, across the Gobi-Altai mountains; to the north, across the Bulnay fault segments; filling in the previous profiles for denser site spacing. This new grid of data is ~650 km long and ~400 km wide, with a nominal site spacing of 50 km for broadband measurements. In addition, we completed a small profile across the Tariat/Khorgo region and a reconnaissance profile in Zavkhan. This data report provides details on the data collection, the measurement site locations, the instrumentation, and the data format.

This data publication (10.5880/GIPP-MT.201706.1) encompasses a detailed report in pdf format with a description of the project, information on the experimental setup, data collection, instrumentation used, recording configuration and data quality. The folder structure and content of the data repository are described in detail in Ritter et al. (2019). Time-series data are provided in EMERALD format (Ritter et al., 2015).
Additional Information
The Geophysical Instrument Pool Potsdam (GIPP) provides field instruments for (temporary) seismological studies (both controlled source and earthquake seismology) and for magnetotelluric (electromagnetic) experiments. The GIPP is operated by the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences. The instrument facility is open for academic use. Instrument applications are evaluated and ranked by an external steering board. See Haberland and Ritter (2016) and for more information.
Date made available2 Jan 2021
PublisherGFZ Data Services
Geographical coverageMongolia

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