Standard of care in metastatic cancers typically applies Maximum Tolerable Dose (MTD) of treatment (or treatment combination), continuously or in repeated identical cycles, until unacceptable toxicity, cancer progression, or cure. Cure is rare, due to treatment-induced therapy resistance. My recent research helped to explain why MTD fails and to design first evolutionary therapies: therapies that anticipate and steer treatment-induced resistance in cancer cells. My research introduces the concept of mathematically-sound, Stackelberg evolutionary games (SEGs) as games between a rational leader (e.g., physician) and evolutionary followers (e.g., evolving cancer cells). In preliminary work for this VIDI, I explored specific game dynamics and their impact on equilibrium properties and treatment outcomes, focusing on SEGs with scalar traits only. Here I propose to develop SEG theory with vector-valued traits and application in treatment of Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. The VIDI team will (i) analyze the stability properties of followersâ?? evolutionary games (ii) find either constant or dynamic Nash and Stackelberg strategies for the leader, leading to either reaching safe stable equilibria or avoiding unsafe regions for as long as possible, and (iii) apply the SEG theory in optimizing treatment for patients with Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer with mutations treated with various tyrosine kinase inhibitors and chemotherapy, based on their past treatment/tumor data. We will find treatment regimens stabilizing tumor volume and/or avoiding cancer progression. We will then investigate which of these regimens optimize various treatment objectives, jointly decided by patient and physician. We will propose likely treatment scenarios per objective and tumor characteristics. While focus of this VIDI is on one aggressive cancer, the mathematical methodology developed will be applicable in treatment of other diseases, and in all domains where we attempt to preserve or contain evolving resources, such as in pest management, fisheries management, or antibiotic resistance management.
|Effective start/end date||2/01/23 → 1/01/28|
In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):