3.12 Inspection and Monitoring of Composite Aircraft Structures

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The new generation of civil aircraft, including the Airbus A380 and the Boeing 787, are composed of composite materials for their primary aircraft structures. This presents a challenge for airline maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) operations in both the short- and long-term. In the short-term, new technologies are needed for maintenance, monitoring, and repair techniques to cope with accidental damage that aircraft suffer throughout their lifetime. The short-term challenge also extends to manufacturing facilities and the need for quality checks of composite components, together with substructures assembled using adhesive bonding, co-curing and thermoplastic welding. As these A380 and B787 aircraft age, they will be subject to normal wear and tear and will undergo C and D checks to maintain airworthiness. At this stage of their lifetime it will be important to perform efficient and cost-effective maintenance and repair techniques to reduce lifetime costs. This chapter first describes composites materials and structures, together with an overview of expected failure modes. It will then provide an overview of current and emerging nondestructive testing (NDT) and structural health monitoring (SHM) technologies and describe some of the challenges in inspection and monitoring of composite aircraft structures.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationReference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationComprehensive Composite Materials II
PublisherElservier
Pages300–311
Volume3
ISBN (Print)978-0-12-803581-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameReference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering II
PublisherElsevier
Volume3

Keywords

  • Composites
  • Materials
  • Nondestructive testing
  • Structural health monitoring
  • Structures

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  • Cite this

    Groves, R. (2018). 3.12 Inspection and Monitoring of Composite Aircraft Structures. In Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering: Comprehensive Composite Materials II (Vol. 3, pp. 300–311). (Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering II; Vol. 3). Elservier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803581-8.10340-6