3D Carotid Artery Flow Imaging Using Compressive Sensing with a Spatial Coding Mask: A Simulation Study

Yuyang Hu, Didem Doğan, Michael Brown, Mahé Bulot, Guillaume Ferin, Geert Leus, Pieter Kruizinga, Antonius F.W. Steen, Johannes G. Bosch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


It has been previously demonstrated that applying an aberrating mask for 2D compressive imaging using a low number of sensors (elements) can significantly improve image resolution, as evaluated via the point spread function. Here we investigate the potential to apply a similar approach for 3D flow monitoring. We conducted a 3D k-Wave simulation using a 5x5 sensor array coupled to a physical coding mask, performing B-mode and power Doppler imaging on a 3D carotid artery flow model. An approximately three times smaller lateral PSF was achieved at the cost of increased background clutter level and slightly increased axial PSF. A better definition of the vessel border and finer flow speckle were observed in power Doppler imaging. Our results suggest that 3D compressive imaging using a very low sensor count of 25 with spatial coding mask has the potential to monitor 3D carotid artery flow.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2023 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)
Place of PublicationPiscataway
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)979-8-3503-4645-9
ISBN (Print)979-8-3503-4646-6
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event2023 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS) - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 3 Sept 20238 Sept 2023


Conference2023 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)
Abbreviated titleIUS 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Compressive imaging
  • matched filtering
  • 3D image reconstruction
  • carotid artery
  • simulation


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