3D-Printed Metal–Organic Framework-Derived Composites for Enhanced Photocatalytic Hydrogen Generation

Mian Zahid Hussain*, Paula F. Großmann, Fabian Kohler, Tim Kratky, Laura Kronthaler, Bart van der Linden, Katia Rodewald, Bernhard Rieger, Roland A. Fischer, Yongde Xia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
31 Downloads (Pure)


Direct ink writing technique is used to 3D print Ti-metal–organic framework (MOF) NH2-MIL-125 mixed with boehmite dispersal. Pt is also deposited onto 3D-printed monolith using atomic layer deposition (ALD) to offer additional catalytic sites. The Ti-MOF-derived powder sample and the pyrolyzed 3D-printed monolith samples are evaluated for photocatalytic H2 evolution under UV–vis light. As a proof of concept, herein, it is demonstrated that 3D-printed MOF-derived monolith photocatalysts show five times higher H2 evolution performance compared with TiO2/C powder sample due to better interaction between 3D-printed photocatalysts and the incident light. The high surface area, the formation of hierarchical macro- to nanopores, and the optimizable shape/size of the 3D-printed catalyst maximize the exposure of catalytic active sites to incident photons and increase their photocatalytic H2 evolution performance. In addition, the N-functionalized porous carbon from organic linker, and the uniformly distributed Pt/PtOx species deposited by ALD, provide cocatalytic active sites for photocatalytic reaction and further enhance photocatalytic activity 30% of 3D-printed monoliths. This work on the 3D-printed MOF-derived free-standing monoliths for photocatalytic application provides a readily available approach to further fabricate a variety of 3D-printed MOF-based and derived materials for different energy and environment applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200552
Number of pages10
JournalSolar RRL
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • 3D printing
  • hydrogen generation
  • metal–organic frameworks
  • photocatalysis
  • TiO


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