3D-printed Perforated Trailing Edges for Broadband Noise Abatement

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Turbulent boundary layer trailing-edge noise scattered by a NACA0018 airfoil equipped with 3D printed perforated trailing-edge inserts, i.e. with straight cylindrical channels connecting the two sides of the airfoil, is investigated. The inserts have different permeability in order to assess the effect of this property on broadband noise generation. Far-field noise is measured with a phased microphone array. The experiments are performed at free-stream velocities of 26 and 41 m/s, corresponding to chord-based Reynolds numbers of 3.4×10 5 and 5.4×10 5, and at angles of attack of 0 and 4.8 . The inserts, with permeability values of 1.5×10 −9 and 5.4×10 −9 m 2, attenuate respectively up to 5 and 9.5 dB at 0 and up to 4 and 7.5 dB at 4.8 incidence. The noise abatement of inserts with straight passages is compared with that of inserts manufactured using metallic foams with a random pore distribution but similar permeability. It is found that to achieve similar overall noise attenuation levels, the perforated inserts require at least 3 times higher permeability than the metal foam inserts. From this we conclude that in order to maximize the noise attenuation potential of permeable inserts, the inner structure of the permeable trailing-edge insert must be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication25th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference
Subtitle of host publication20-23 May 2019 Delft, The Netherlands
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-62410-588-3
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event25th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 20 May 201923 May 2019
Conference number: 25


Conference25th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

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