A 0.7-V 0.43-pJ/cycle Wakeup Timer based on a Bang-bang Digital-Intensive frequency-Locked-Loop for IoT Applications

Ming Ding, Zhihao Zhou, Yao-Hong Liu, Stefano Traferro, Christian Bachmann, Kathleen Philips, Fabio Sebastiano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
51 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A 40-nm CMOS wakeup timer employing a bang-bang digital-intensive frequency-locked loop for Internet-of-Things applications is presented. A self-biased ΣΔ digitally controlled oscillator (DCO) is locked to an RC time constant via a single-bit chopped comparator and a digital loop filter. Such highly digitized architecture fully exploits the advantages of advanced CMOS processes, thus enabling operation down to 0.7 V and a small area (0.07 mm 2 ). Most circuitry operates at 32× lower frequency than the DCO in order to reduce the total power consumption down to 181 nW. High frequency accuracy and a 10× enhancement of long-term stability is achieved by the adoption of chopping to reduce the effect of comparator offset and 1/f noise and by the use of ΣΔ modulation to improve the DCO resolution. The proposed timer achieves the best energy efficiency (0.43 pJ/cycle at 417 kHz) over prior art while keeping excellent on-par long-term stability (Allan deviation floor <;20 ppm) and temperature stability (106 ppm/°C).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-33
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Solid State Circuits Letters
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Digital-intensive
  • frequency locked-loop
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • low-power
  • oscillator
  • wakeup timer

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