This paper presents a readout IC that uses an asynchronous capacitance-to-digital-converter (CDC) to digitize the capacitance of a touch sensor. A power-efficient tracking algorithm ensures that the CDC consumes negligible power consumption in the absence of touch events. To facilitate its use in wake-on-touch applications, the CDC can be periodically triggered by a co-integrated ultra-low-power relaxation oscillator. At a 38-Hz scan rate, the readout IC consumes 15 nW per touch sensor, which is the lowest reported to date.
- Asynchronous tracking logic
- capacitance-to-digital-converter (CDC)
- self-capacitance sensor
- stand-alone touch sensor
- ultra-low-power oscillator