A ±5A Integrated Current-Sensing System With ±0.3% Gain Error and 16 μA Offset From −55°C to +85°C

Saleh Heidary Shalmany, Dieter Draxelmayr, Kofi A.A. Makinwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
223 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents an integrated current-sensing system (CSS) that is intended for the use in battery-powered devices. It consists of a 10 mΩ on-chip metal shunt resistor, a switched-capacitor (SC) ΔΣ ADC, and a dynamic bandgap reference (BGR) that provides the ADC's reference voltage and also senses the shunt's temperature. The CSS is realized in a standard 0.13 μm CMOS process, occupies 1.15 mm2 and draws 55 μA from a 1.5 V supply. Extensive measurements were made on 24 devices, 12 of which were directly bonded to a printed-circuit board (PCB) and 12 of which were packaged in a standard HVQFN plastic package. For currents ranging from -5 to +5 A and over a temperature range of -55 °C to + 85 °C, they exhibit a maximum offset of 16μA and a maximum gain error of ±0.3%. This level of accuracy represents a significant improvement on the state of the art, and was achieved by the use of an accurate shunt temperature compensation scheme, a low-leakage sampling scheme, and several dynamic error correction techniques.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)800-808
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Accepted Author Manuscript


  • Coulomb counter
  • current-sensing system (CSS)
  • dynamic bandgap reference (BGR)
  • metal shunt resistor
  • temperature compensation
  • temperature sensor


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