The fused lasso signal approximator (FLSA) is a vital optimization problem with extensive applications in signal processing and biomedical engineering. However, the optimization problem is difficult to solve since it is both nonsmooth and nonseparable. The existing numerical solutions implicate the use of several auxiliary variables in order to deal with the nondifferentiable penalty. Thus, the resulting algorithms are both time- and memory-inefficient. This paper proposes a compact neural network to solve the FLSA. The neural network has a one-layer structure with the number of neurons proportionate to the dimension of the given signal, thanks to the utilization of consecutive projections. The proposed neural network is stable in the Lyapunov sense and is guaranteed to converge globally to the optimal solution of the FLSA. Experiments on several applications from signal processing and biomedical engineering confirm the reasonable performance of the proposed neural network.
Bibliographical noteAccepted Author Manuscript
- Fused lasso
- global convergence
- neural network