A comprehensive statistical investigation framework for characteristics and causes analysis of ship accidents: A case study in the fluctuating backwater area of Three Gorges Reservoir region

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Frequent water traffic accidents pose severe threats to human life and property safety, the water environment, and adverse effects on social stability. Understanding historical accidents is essential for accident prevention and risk mitigation. However, at present, research on the comprehensive statistical analysis of characteristics and causes of ship accidents that occurred in the inland water areas of the Yangtze River, especially in the fluctuating backwater area (FBA) of Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) region, is still scanty, even less a hierarchical and systematic analysis framework. Therefore, this paper proposes a comprehensive ship accident characteristics and causes analysis framework, and summarizes and visualizes the characteristics of ship accidents through the statistical and comparative analysis of historical data in terms of categories and severity of accidents, ship types involved in accidents, spatial and temporal distribution characteristics, ship accident losses, and root causes and lessons learned from the related accidents. In order to demonstrate the value of the proposed framework, based on the official sources, ten years of ship accident data from 2009 to 2018 in the FBA of TGR region are collected and analyzed in detail. On the basis of the results, this paper summarizes accident prevention and supervision guidelines to provide decision support for maritime safety. This research is of significance to the water traffic accident precaution and risk mitigation in this region and can be useful for other similar specific scenarios worldwide.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108981
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume229
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Data visualization
  • Fluctuating backwater area
  • Marine traffic safety
  • Ship accidents
  • Statistical and comparative analysis
  • Three Gorges Reservoir

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