A correlation study to support material characterisation of typical Dutch masonry structures

Samira Jafari*, Jan G. Rots, Rita Esposito

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
47 Downloads (Pure)


To date, several different structural representations of masonry are available for use in the numerical and analytical assessment methods, each calling for a distinct level of refinement regarding the material input. To determine material properties, in terms of strength, stiffness, and toughness under compression, bending, and shear loading, extensive experimental research is necessary. To minimise the burden associated with performing complex and invasive experimental studies, this paper investigated the possible correlations between different material properties, particularly toughness, which received limited attention in past research. The correlation study was mainly conducted on the rich database established from tests on laboratory-made as well as specimens extracted from unreinforced masonry structures built between 1910 and 2010 in the Netherlands. Considering the outcomes of the correlation study, this paper puts forward recommendations to indirectly derive elastic and toughness properties as a function of strength properties. In this way, a complete picture of material properties can be obtained, while minimising the number of experiments and the extent of their invasiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103450
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Building Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Correlation study
  • Dutch unreinforced masonry
  • Material characterisation
  • Toughness


Dive into the research topics of 'A correlation study to support material characterisation of typical Dutch masonry structures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this