In this paper, we start from a very natural system of cross-diffusion equations, which can be seen as a gradient flow for the Wasserstein distance of a certain functional. Unfortunately, the cross-diffusion system is not well-posed, as a consequence of the fact that the underlying functional is not lower semi-continuous. We then consider the relaxation of the functional, and prove existence of a solution in a suitable sense for the gradient flow of (the relaxed functional). This gradient flow has also a cross-diffusion structure, but the mixture between two different regimes, that are determined by the relaxation, makes this study non-trivial.
|Journal||Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations|
|Publication status||Published - 2023|