A digital platform for facilitating personalized dementia care in nursing homes: Formative evaluation study

Gubing Wang, Armagan Albayrak, Gerd Kortuem, Tischa JM van der Cammen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: Care personalization is key to the well-being of people with dementia according to person-centered care. With the development of the internet of things, a large quantity of personal data can be collected securely and reliably, which has the potential to facilitate care personalization for people with dementia. Yet, there are limited assistive technologies developed for this purpose, and the user acceptance of assistive technologies is low in nursing homes. Therefore, through a data-enabled design approach, a digital platform was developed for helping the care team in a nursing home to personalize dementia care, specifically in the management of behavioral and psychological dementia symptoms. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the digital platform in a real-life context with potential users from the following two aspects: (1) to explore if the digital platform could help with generating insights on the current state of each person with dementia and (2) to gather feedback on the digital platform from the care team. Methods: The digital platform was deployed in the nursing home for 7 weeks and the data collected were visualized and presented to the care team via the digital platform. The visualizations were analyzed by the researchers for pattern detection. Meanwhile, the care team was asked to examine the visualizations and were interviewed for the following: (1) if any insights and actions were generated from the examination, (2) the usefulness of the digital platform, and (3) the improvements they would like to see. Results: The data collected on the digital platform demonstrated its potential for pattern detection. Insights were generated by the care team and categorized into “client level,” “ward level,” and “team level.” The corresponding actions taken by the care team were classified into “investigation” and “implementation.” User acceptance varied across the care team, and three aspects of improvement for the digital platform were identified. Conclusions: By evaluating the digital platform, this study gained insights on applying data-enabled design for personalizing dementia care; besides, it offers future researchers some recommendations on how to integrate assistive technologies in the nursing home context.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere25705
Number of pages19
JournalJMIR Formative Research
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Assistive technology
  • Care management
  • Data visualizations
  • Data-driven design
  • Data-enabled design
  • Health care design
  • Human-centered design
  • Internet of things
  • People with dementia
  • Person-centered care

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