A Disclosure Intimacy Rating Scale for Child-Agent Interaction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Reciprocal self-disclosure is an integral part of social bonding between humans that has received little attention in the field of human-agent interaction. To study how children react to self-disclosures of a virtual agent, we developed a disclosure intimacy rating scale that can be used to assess both the intimacy level of agent disclosures and that of child disclosures. To this end, 72 disclosures were derived from a biography created for the agent and rated by 10 university students for intimacy. A principal component analysis and subsequent k-means clustering of the rated statements resulted in four distinct levels of intimacy based on the risk of a negative appraisal and the impact of betrayal by the listener. This validated rating scale can be readily used with other agents or interfaces.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Virtual Agents
Subtitle of host publication16th International Conference, IVA 2016
EditorsD. Traum, W. Swartout, P. Khooshabeth, S. Kopp, S. Scherer, A. Leuski
PublisherSpringer Science+Business Media
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-47665-0
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-47664-3
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2016
EventIVA 2016 - Los Angeles, CA, United States
Duration: 20 Sep 201623 Sep 2016

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743


ConferenceIVA 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLos Angeles, CA


  • Long-term cHRI
  • Self-disclosure intimacy
  • PAL project


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