An asymptotic homogenization model considering wave dispersion in composites is investigated. In this approach, the effect of the microstructure through heterogeneity-induced wave dispersion is characterised by an acceleration gradient term scaled by a “dispersion tensor”. This dispersion tensor is computed within a statistically equivalent representative volume element (RVE). One-dimensional and two-dimensional elastic wave propagation problems are studied. It is found that the dispersive multiscale model shows a considerable improvement over the non-dispersive model in capturing the dynamic response of heterogeneous materials. To test the existence of an RVE for a realistic microstructure for unidirectional fiber-reinforced composites, a statistics study is performed to calculate the homogenized properties with increasing microstructure size. It is found that the convergence of the dispersion tensor is sensitive to the spatial distribution pattern. A calibration study on a composite microstructure with realistic spatial distribution shows that convergence is found although only with a relatively large micromodel.
- Spatial distribution
- Wave dispersion