A Dynamic and Integrated Approach for Modeling and Managing Domino-effects (DIAMOND)

Research output: ThesisDissertation (TU Delft)

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Process and chemical industrial areas consist of hundreds and even thousands of installations situated next to each other, where quantities of hazardous (e.g., flammable, explosive, toxic) substances are stored, transported, or processed. These installations are mutually linked in terms of the hazard level they pose to each other in the system. As a result, a primary undesired disruption (e.g., an accidental event, intentional attack, or natural disaster) may escalate to nearby installations, triggering a chain of accidents. This phenomenon is well known as the potential for “knock-on effects” or so-called “domino effects”. This dissertation is devoted to modeling the spatial-temporal evolution of domino effects, preventing the escalation, mitigating the consequences, thereby developing a safer, securer, and more resilient chemical industrial area.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Delft University of Technology
  • Reniers, G.L.L.M.E., Supervisor
  • Yang, M., Advisor
Thesis sponsors
Award date27 May 2021
Print ISBNs978-94-6384-221-1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Process industry
  • Domino effect
  • Dynamic risk assessment
  • security
  • Resilience
  • Integrated safety and security
  • Vapor cloud explosion
  • Fire
  • Toxic release
  • Safety economics
  • Dynamic graphs
  • Monte Carlo (MC)
  • Dynamic event tree


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