A Dynamically Reconfigurable Recursive Switched-Capacitor DC-DC Converter with Adaptive Load Ability Enhancement

Qi Lu, Shuangmu Li, Bo Zhao, Junmin Jiang, Zhiyuan Chen, Sijun Du

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Multiple voltage conversion ratio (VCR) recursive switched-capacitor (SC) dc-dc converters, based on several basic 2:1 converters, are widely used for on-chip power supplies due to their flexible VCRs for higher energy efficiency. However, conventional multiple VCR SC converters usually have one or more 2:1 converters unused for some VCRs, which results in lower power density and chip area wastage. This article presents a new recursive dc-dc converter system, which can dynamically reconfigure the connection of all on-chip 2:1 converter cells so that the unused converters in the conventional designs can be reused in this new architecture for increasing the load-driving capacity, power density, and power efficiency. To validate the design, a 4-bit-input 15-ratio system was designed and fabricated in a 180-nm BCD process, which can support a maximum load current of \text{0.71}\,\text{mA} and achieves a peak power efficiency of 93.1% with 105.3\,\mu \text{A/mm} {2} chip power density from a 2-V input power supply. The measurement results show that the load-driving capacity can become 6.826×, 2.236×, and 2.175× larger than the conventional topology when the VCR is 1/2, 1/4, and 3/4, respectively. In addition, the power efficiency under these specific VCRs can also be improved considerably.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5032-5040
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Capacitors
  • DC-DC converters
  • DC-DC power converters
  • fully integrated
  • Impedance
  • multiple voltage conversion ratios (VCRs)
  • recursive switched capacitor (RSC)
  • switched-capacitor
  • Switches
  • System-on-chip
  • Topology
  • Video recording


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