A Formal Graphical Language of Interdependence in Teamwork

Changyun Wei, Koen V. Hendriks, M. Birna van Riemsdijk, Catholijn Jonker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)


Agents in teamwork may be highly interdependent on each other, the awareness of interdependence relationships is an important requirement for designing and consequently implementing a multi-agent system. In this work, we propose a formal graphical and domain-independent language that can facilitate the identification of comprehensive interdependences among the agents in teamwork. Moreover, a formal semantics is also introduced to precisely express and explain the properties of a graphical structure. The novel feature of the graphical language is that it complements the Interdependence Analysis Color Scheme in a way that explicitly models negative influences and, in addition, provides a visual-communication aid for developers. To demonstrate the applicability and sufficiency of the graphical language in a variety of domains, our case studies include a multi-robot scenario and a human-robot scenario.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-34
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Intelligent Systems
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Intelligent systems
  • Logic gates
  • Multi-agent systems
  • Reliability
  • Solids
  • Teamwork
  • Unified modeling language


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