In this article, we present a 4.5-5.1-GHz fractional-N digitally intensive phase-locked loop (DPLL) capable of maintaining its performance in face of a large supply ripple, thus enabling a direct connection to a switched-mode dc-dc converter. Supply pushing of its inductor-capacitor (LC) oscillator is suppressed by properly replicating the supply ripple onto the gate of its tail current transistor, while the optimum replication gain is determined by a new on- chip calibration loop tolerant of supply variations. A proposed configuration of cascading a supply-insensitive slope generator with an output of a current digital-to-analog converter (DAC) linearly converts the phase error timing into a corresponding voltage, which is then quantized by a successive approximation register (SAR) analog-to-digital converter (ADC) to generate a digital phase error. We also introduce a low-power ripple pattern estimation and cancellation algorithm to remove the phase error component due to the supply-induced delay variations of loop components. Implemented in 40-nm CMOS, the DPLL prototype achieves the performance of 428-fs rms jitter, <-55-dBc fractional spur, and <-54-dBc maximum spur while consuming 3.25 mW and being subjugated to a sinusoidal or sawtooth supply ripple of 50 mVpp at 50-MHz reference divided by 3, 6, or 12.
- Current digital-to-analog converter (DAC)
- dc-dc converter
- digitally intensive phase-locked loop (DPLL)
- inductor-capacitor (LC) oscillator
- multimodulus divider (MMDIV)
- Phase locked loops
- ripple pattern estimation and cancellation
- ripple replication and cancellation
- slope generator (SG)
- successive approximation register (SAR) analog-to-digital converter (ADC)
- supply pushing
- supply ripple.