A framework for sustainable port security

JR Harrald, HW Stephens, JR van Dorp

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientific

    32 Citations (Scopus)


    The Federal Emergency Management Agency¿s (FEMA¿s) path to Homeland Security was paved for 24 years by (1) the actions of five presidents and by new laws, (2) by the outcomes of the agency¿s bureaucratic ¿turf wars¿ with other federal departments or agencies, (3) by staffing decisions inside the agency that relied on ¿generalist¿ managers more than ¿technocratic¿ managers, and (4) experience with human-caused disasters ranging from terror bombings to radiological and hazardous materials incidents, under all-hazards emergency management. These are the determinants that prepared FEMA for a major role in homeland security.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)1-23
    Number of pages23
    JournalJournal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2004


    • academic journal papers
    • Vakpubl., Overig wet. > 3 pag

    Cite this