A graph-based model framework for steady-state load flow problems of general multi-carrier energy systems

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Abstract

Coupling single-carrier networks into multi-carrier energy systems (MESs) has recently become more important. Conventional load flow models for the separate single-carrier networks are not able to capture the full extend of the coupling. Recently, different models for multi-carrier energy networks have been proposed, either using the energy hub (EH) concept, or using a case specific approach. Although the EH concept can be applied to a general MES, it is unclear how the EH should be represented in the graph of the MES. On the other hand, the case specific approaches are not easily applicable to general MESs. This paper presents a graph-based framework for steady-state load flow analysis of general MESs. Furthermore, the effect of coupling on the resulting integrated system of equations is investigated. The proposed framework is validated using a small MES. This example shows that our framework is applicable to a general MES, and that it generalizes both the EH concept and the case specific approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115286
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Energy
Volume280
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Gas networks
  • Heat networks
  • Integrated energy systems
  • Load flow analysis
  • Multi-carrier energy networks
  • Power grids

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