This paper addresses difference flatness for structured LTI discrete-time systems. Two forms of necessary and sufficient conditions for an output to be a structural flat output are given. First, a preliminary result algebraically defines a flat output in terms of invariant zeros regardless whether an LTI system is structured or not. Next, the conditions are expressed in terms of graphical conditions to define a structural flat output. Checking for the graphical conditions calls for algorithms that have polynomial-time complexity and that are commonly used for digraphs. The tractability of the conditions is illustrated on several examples.
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- Graph theory
- Structured linear systems