A grey-based green supplier selection model for uncertain environments

Seyed Amin Seyed Haeri, Jafar Rezaei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)


The concept of green supply chain management emerged as a response to increasing public awareness of environmental protection in the past few decades. As companies tend to outsource a variety of their activities, green supplier selection as an imperative function of green supply chain management, has a crucial role in helping companies to maintain their strategic competitiveness. Despite the plethora of studies introducing supplier selection models based on economic criteria, studies that take into account the environmental issues are rather limited. In this study, a comprehensive grey-based green supplier selection model is proposed that incorporates both economic and environmental criteria. A novel weight assignment model is proposed by combining best-worst method and fuzzy grey cognitive maps to capture the interdependencies among the criteria. Improved grey relational analysis is advanced to be able to use grey weights of criteria to evaluate green suppliers which are subsequently ranked using an interval analysis approach. This study contributes to the decision-making theory by addressing the shortcomings of the available green supplier selection models. A real-world case study is also presented to show the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed model. The results of this study proved the proposed comprehensive model to be well capable of addressing the green supplier selection problem by taking in to account the interdependencies between criteria as well as the uncertainties associated with experts’ judgments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)768-784
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Best-worst method
  • Cognitive maps
  • Green supplier selection
  • Grey relational analysis

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