A Heterogeneous PLC with BLE Mesh network for Reliable and Real-time Smart Cargo Monitoring

Rathinamala Vijay, T. V. Prabhakar, Vinod Hegde, Vijay S. Rao, R. Venkatesha Prasad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Electronic Freight Security (EFS) systems are being increasingly deployed to reliably monitor the cargo in real-time and prevent theft in air cargo. As the existing technologies fall short in achieving these goals due to cost of deployment and/or higher latencies, we propose to exploit the existing infrastructure of power lines when the aircraft is on the tarmac. We propose an architecture that extends power line communications with Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) devices that are embedded on the cargo. We show that BLE mesh can extend the range by interfacing with PLC modems to achieve an IoT solution for continuous monitoring and tracking. In order to evaluate this, we also propose a novel software-defined radio based testbed that can be used to evaluate various scenarios. The novelty of our testbed includes BLE mesh network that supports high reliability and low latency communication and support for emulation of electrical loads to inject impulse noise into the powerline network. We then measure end-to-end latencies and packet delivery ratios in realistic settings for the smart cargo monitoring solution. Our results indicate that our hybrid network offers a worst case latency of 24.85ms for a 570 m distance between warehouse and cargo monitoring station.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Symposium on Power Line Communications and its Applications (ISPLC)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
EditorsDusan Maga
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherIEEE
Pages1-6
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-0289-4
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-0290-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event23rd IEEE International Symposium on Power Line Communications and its Applications, ISPLC 2019 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 3 Apr 20195 Apr 2019

Conference

Conference23rd IEEE International Symposium on Power Line Communications and its Applications, ISPLC 2019
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period3/04/195/04/19

Keywords

  • BLE
  • IoT
  • Mesh
  • PLC
  • Smart cargo Monitoring
  • USRP

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    Vijay, R., Prabhakar, T. V., Hegde, V., Rao, V. S., & Prasad, R. V. (2019). A Heterogeneous PLC with BLE Mesh network for Reliable and Real-time Smart Cargo Monitoring. In D. Maga (Ed.), 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Power Line Communications and its Applications (ISPLC): Proceedings (pp. 1-6). [8693413] IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISPLC.2019.8693413