A historical perspective on cognitive science and its influence on XAI research

Marcus Westberg*, Amber Zelvelder, Amro Najjar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cognitive science and artificial intelligence are interconnected in that developments in one field can affect the framework of reference for research in the other. Changes in our understanding of how the human mind works inadvertently changes how we go about creating artificial minds. Similarly, successes and failures in AI can inspire new directions to be taken in cognitive science. This article explores the history of the mind in cognitive science in the last 50 years, and draw comparisons as to how this has affected AI research, and how AI research in turn has affected shifts in cognitive science. In particular, we look at explainable AI (XAI) and suggest that folk psychology is of particular interest for that area of research. In cognitive science, folk psychology is divided between two theories: theory-theory and simulation theory. We argue that it is important for XAI to recognise and understand this debate, and that reducing reliance on theory-theory by incorporating more simulationist frameworks into XAI could help further the field. We propose that such incorporation would involve robots employing more embodied cognitive processes when communicating with humans, highlighting the importance of bodily action in communication and mindreading.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationExplainable, Transparent Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems - 1st International Workshop, EXTRAAMAS 2019, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsDavide Calvaresi, Michael Schumacher, Amro Najjar, Kary Främling
PublisherSpringer
Pages205-219
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9783030303907
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event1st International Workshop on Explainable Transparent Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, EXTRAAMAS 2019, held in conjunction with the International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, AAMAS 2019 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 13 May 201914 May 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11763 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference1st International Workshop on Explainable Transparent Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, EXTRAAMAS 2019, held in conjunction with the International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, AAMAS 2019
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityMontreal
Period13/05/1914/05/19

Keywords

  • Cognitive science
  • Folk psychology
  • XAI

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