A Literature Evaluation of Systemic Challenges Affecting the European Maritime Energy Transition

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Abstract

Energy transition is affecting the European maritime sector at an increasing rate. New technologies and regulations are being introduced with increasing speed. The ability to adapt to these changes is crucial for the economic success of the maritime sector. However, the sector is challenged by inertia due to its global nature and long-life assets (e.g., vessels). These developments result in a globally projected greenhouse gas emission growth rather than a reduction towards 2050. The sector can be considered essential to economic prosperity, but its innovation system should align with global sustainability trends. This article aims to structure and evaluate the maritime sector’s systemic challenges by conducting an extensive systematic review of (sustainable) maritime innovation literature. These findings are structured and discussed via four key activities that support the transition process: developing strategy and policy, creating legitimacy, mobilizing resources, and developing and disseminating knowledge.
Original languageEnglish
Article number715
Number of pages17
JournalSustainability
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • maritime sector
  • systemic challenges
  • energy transition
  • innovation

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