A Low-Loss Load Correction Technique for Self-Healing Power Amplifiers Using a Modified Two-Tap Six-Port Network

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This article presents a low-loss correction technique for a self-healing load-insensitive power amplifier (PA) using a modified two-tap six-port network, wherein the varying (complex) load is first compensated for its unwanted susceptance part, followed by adjustment of the transistor output stage to the ohmic load variation, by modifying its supply voltage and drive level. This two-step approach avoids the high-Q conditions that occur in tunable matching network solutions, which aims to correct for both the real and imaginary load deviations, such as providing lower insertion loss and voltage stress. Next, to facilitate a fully automated load mismatch correction without the need for calibration, a modified two-tap six-port network for impedance detection and control loop approach is proposed. As proof of principle, a prototype 900-MHz class-AB PA featuring the proposed correction technique, as well as, the six-port reflectometer and the control loop, has been implemented as a PCB demonstrator. Measurement results show that the self-healing load-insensitive PA in the events of load mismatch significantly improves the performance and approaches the 50- $\Omega $ performance. On a 2:1 VSWR 360° mismatch trajectory and driven by a 64-QAM 3.86-MHz signal, the PA achieves a linear output power of 22 dBm with only ±0.1-dB variation and better than -45-dBc adjacent channel power ratio (ACPR).

Original languageEnglish
Article number9494004
Pages (from-to)4069-4081
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Adjacent channel power ratio (ACPR)
  • Control circuit
  • Laterally-diffused metal-oxide semiconductor (LDMOS) devices
  • Power amplifier (PA) circuits
  • RF circuit
  • Six-port reflectometers
  • Tunable resonators


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