A method for integrated and sustainable design: Five design stages

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Multifunctional flood defenses combine several functions into a single system. Therefore, several disciplines need to be combined to design such complex systems. An “integrated design” is a collaborative method that combines several disciplines for designing systems or structures, emphasizing a ‘holistic’ approach. Holism is the concept of considering systems and their properties as wholes, not just a collection of parts. The functioning of the entire system cannot be fully understood solely in terms of their component parts. A holistic, integrated approach is believed to be more cost-effective and sustainable.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntegral Design of Multifunctional Flood Defenses
Subtitle of host publicationMultidisciplinary Approaches and Examples
EditorsBaukje Kothuis, Matthijs Kok
PublisherDelft University Publishers
ISBN (Print)978-94-6186-808-4
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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