A modified forcing approach in the Rothman–Keller method for simulations of flow phenomena at low capillary numbers

Anand Sudha*, Martin Rohde

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The lattice-Boltzmann method (LBM) is becoming increasingly popular for simulating multi-phase flows on the microscale because of its advantages in terms of computational efficiency. Many applications of the method are restricted to relatively simple geometries. When a more complex geometry is considered—circular and inclined microchannels—some important physical phenomena may not be accurately captured, especially at low capillary numbers. A Y-Y micro-fluidic channel, widely used for a range of applications, is an example of a more complex geometry. This work aims to capture the various flow phenomena, with an emphasis on parallel flow and leakage, using the Rothman–Keller (RK) model of the LBM. To this purpose, we modify the forcing term to implement the surface tension for use at low capillary numbers. We compare the simulation results of the RK model with and without the force modification with experiments, Volume of Fluid and the phase field method and observe that the modified forcing term is an improvement over the current RK model at low capillary numbers, and it also captures parallel flow and leakage more accurately than the other simulation techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • fluid mechanics
  • lattice Boltzmann
  • leakage
  • multiphase flow
  • spurious velocities
  • Volume of Fluid

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