A multi-feature extraction technique based on principal component analysis for nonlinear dynamic process monitoring

Lingling Guo, Ping Wu*, Siwei Lou, Jinfeng Gao, Yichao Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Principal component analysis (PCA) and its modified methods have been widely applied in industrial process monitoring. In practice, industrial processes are with disparate characteristics, the process monitoring system should consider as many process characteristics as possible, such as dynamic and nonlinear characteristics. In this paper, a multi-feature extraction technique based on PCA is proposed for nonlinear dynamic process monitoring. The proposed method integrates dynamic inner PCA (DiPCA), PCA and kernel PCA (KPCA) methods through a serial structure to extract the dynamic, linear and nonlinear features among the process data. Along with the proposed method, the original data space is decomposed into several orthogonal subspaces, in which abnormal variations of different features can be monitored. For real-time process monitoring, a combined Hotelling's T2 statistic based on the extracted multi-feature and a squared prediction error (SPE or Q) statistic are established. Case studies on a numerical example and the Tennessee Eastman process are carried out to demonstrate the superior process monitoring performance of the proposed method compared with other relevant methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-172
JournalJournal of Process Control
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Multi-feature extraction
  • Nonlinear dynamic process
  • Principal component analysis
  • Process monitoring

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