A Multiactive Bridge Converter With Inherently Decoupled Power Flows

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Abstract

Multiactive bridge converters (MAB) have become a widely-researched candidate for the integration of multiple renewable sources, storage, and loads for a variety of applications, from robust smart grids to more-electric aircraft. Connecting multiple dc ports reduces power conversion stress, improves efficiency, reduces material billing, and increases power density. However, the power flows between the ports of an MAB converter are magnetically coupled via the high-frequency (HF) transformer, making it difficult to control. This article presents an MAB converter configuration with a rigid voltage source on the magnetizing inductance of the transformer resulting in inherently decoupled power flows. As a result, the configuration allows independent power flow control tuning of the rest of the ports. The theory behind the power flow decoupling of the proposed MAB configuration is analyzed in detail using a reduced-order model. A 2-kW, 100-kHz Si-C-based four-port MAB converter laboratory prototype is built and tested, showing completely decoupled control loops with fast transient response regardless of their control bandwidths. The proposed configuration therefore makes the operation and design of theMAB family of converters much more feasible for any number of ports and precludes the need for a high-performance dynamic decoupling controller
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2231-2245
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • DC-DC converter
  • decoupled power flow management
  • multiactive-bridge converter
  • multiwinding transformer

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