In this paper, a new hybrid model is proposed for the prediction of air gap magnetic field distribution (MFD) in interior permanent magnet machines with any rotor configuration. The slotless magnetic field is first predicted by finite-element method (FEM) with automatic scripting in MATLAB to consider saturation in the rotor iron. Afterward, the conformal mapping viz., Schwarz-Christoffel mapping is introduced to take the slotting effect into account. Consequently, the MFD could be calculated. The back electromagnetic forces, cogging torque, and output torque are obtained accordingly. Then a subdomain model is developed to consider the armature reaction. The results show that the proposed hybrid approach agrees well with the FEM. The model is further verified by experiments. The main contribution of this paper is to reduce the computation time remarkably while maintaining the calculation accuracy.
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- Finite Element Model
- Hybrid Model
- Interior Permanent Magnet Machines
- Schwarz-Christoffel Mapping