A Novel High-temperature Pressure Sensor Based on Graphene Coated by Si3N4

Simei Zeng, Chenggang Tang, Hao Hong*, Fang Yuan, Yuning Li, Yuqiang Wang, Lingbing Kong, Jingye Sun, Mingqiang Zhu, Tao Deng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


The high-temperature pressure sensors have wide applications in aerospace, petroleum, geothermal exploration, automotive electronics, and other fields. However, the traditional silicon-based pressure sensors are restricted to pressure measurement under 120~{\circ }\text{C} and cannot be satisfied to measure the pressure of various gases or liquids in high temperature and other harsh environments. This article proposes a novel high-temperature pressure sensor based on graphene, in which a rectangular cavity is applied to improve the piezoresistive characteristics of the sensor. The unique of this sensor is that the graphene is coated by the silicon nitride (Si3N4) membrane, which could avoid the oxidation of graphene in high temperature and increase the temperature tolerance range. The sensor was placed at various temperatures ( 50~{\circ }\text{C} - 420~{\circ }\text{C} ) to explore the temperature characteristics, achieving a maximal temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) of 0.322% {\circ }\text{C}{-{1}}. Moreover, the sensor with a 64 \times 9\,\,\mu \text{m}{{2}} cavity has a high pressure sensitivity of 5.32\times 10{-{4}} kPa {-{1}} , enabling a wide range from 100 kPa to 10 Pa. Experimental results indicate that the proposed sensor possesses superior pressure sensitivity, a wide pressure detection range, and a high-temperature tolerance of 420~{\circ }\text{C} , which provides new insight into fabricating high-temperature pressure sensors based on graphene and creates more applications in different fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2008 - 2013
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
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  • Graphene
  • high-temperature
  • Si3N4
  • piezoresistive characteristic


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