A novel pressure-free two-fluid model for one-dimensional incompressible multiphase flow

B. Sanderse*, J. F.H. Buist, R. A.W.M. Henkes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
38 Downloads (Pure)


A novel pressure-free two-fluid model formulation is proposed for the simulation of one-dimensional incompressible multiphase flow in pipelines and channels. The model is obtained by simultaneously eliminating the volume constraint and the pressure from the widely used two-fluid model (TFM). The resulting ‘pressure-free two-fluid model’ (PF-TFM) has a number of attractive features: (i) it features four evolution equations (without additional constraints) that can be solved very quickly with explicit time integration methods; (ii) it keeps the conservation properties of the original two-fluid model, and therefore the correct shock relations in case of discontinuities; (iii) its solutions satisfy the two TFM constraints exactly: the volume constraint and the volumetric flow constraint; (iv) it offers a convenient form to analytically analyse the equation system, since the constraint has been removed. A staggered-grid spatial discretization and an explicit Runge-Kutta time integration method are proposed, which keep the constraints exactly satisfied when numerically solving the PF-TFM. Furthermore, for the case of strongly imposed boundary conditions, a novel adapted Runge-Kutta formulation is proposed that keeps the volumetric flow exact in time while retaining high order accuracy. Several test cases confirm the theoretical properties and show the efficiency of the new pressure-free model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109919
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Computational Physics
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Constraint
  • Pressure-free model
  • Runge-Kutta method
  • Two-fluid model


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