A novel self-healing system: Towards a sustainable porous asphalt

S. Xu*, X. Liu, A. Tabakovic, E. Schlangen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)
119 Downloads (Pure)


Self-healing asphalt, aimed to produce a sustainable asphalt pavement using green technology, has been studied in the past two decades. Technologies including encapsulated rejuvenator and induction heating have been proposed, demonstrated in the laboratory, and gradually evaluated in field application. This paper looks into the synergy effect of the above two technologies, where induction heating serves as the asphalt damage repair mechanism, requiring just 2 min heating time and encapsulated rejuvenator will replenish (rejuvenate) aged asphalt binder and reinstate bitumen's healing ability. Moreover, the increased temperature from induction heating could in turn accelerate the diffusion process of rejuvenator into aged bitumen. In this paper, the healing efficiency of the combined healing system was tested in comparison with autonomous asphalt healing system, induction healing system and capsule healing system. Porous asphalt concrete with various healing systems were prepared and a laboratory ageing procedure was followed to simulate the condition when healing was needed (after years of serving). X-ray computed tomography was employed to visualize the material composition and distribution inside of each healing systems. The properties of binder extracted from the porous asphalt samples were examined by dynamic shear rheometer. Indirect tensile strength and indirect tensile stiffness modulus tests were employed to characterize the mechanical properties of the porous asphalt samples with various healing systems. Finally, the cracking resistance of these healing systems was investigated by semi-circular bending test, and the healing efficiency was evaluated using a bending and healing programme. The results indicated that the combined healing system, with synergistic effects of aged binder rejuvenation and crack healing, shows a longer life extension prospect over the other healing systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120815
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Capsules
  • Combined healing system
  • Induction heating
  • Self-healing asphalt


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