A novel technique to monitor the subsurface movements of landslides

Amin Askarinejad, Springman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Slope Deformation Sensors SDS) were developed to monitor profiles of soil deformation at a high frequency during slope monitoring and landslide triggering experiments. It was hypothesised that the surface and subsurface movements could be combined to integrate the temporal development of the movements, and help to monitor the initiation and propagation of the shear bands indirectly, as well as to predict the volume of the eventual landslide. Four SDSs were installed in a 38º slope in Northern Switzerland and slope movements due to two artificial rainfall sprinkling experiments in October 2008 and March 2009 were monitored. This paper describes the design, numerical validation, installation details and performance of the SDSs during the first rainfall event. The data acquired from SDS in terms of bending strain, deformation profiles, and an indication of the mechanical energy transmitted from the surrounding soil, are analysed and compared to the patterns of surface movements of the slope and changes in the horizontal earth pressure. The findings are interpreted based on the applied rainfall, hydrological properties of the slope, bedrock shape and the specifications of the observed failure surface in the following Landslide Triggering Experiment. Details of the data acquired from SDSs during the second experiment in March 2009 are reported and analysed in a second paper.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-630
Number of pages45
JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Volume55 (2018)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Landslide monitoring
  • Natural hazards
  • Subsurface movements
  • Soil Deformation
  • Sensors
  • Rainfall induced landslides


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