A Potential-Based Characterization of the Transfer Gate in CMOS Image Sensors

Y Xu, X Ge, AJP Theuwissen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


A method to characterize the transfer gate (TG)- related parameters in a 4 T pixel is presented. The method is based on the pinning voltage measurement, which is proposed by Tan et al.[1] Using this method, the TG ON and OFF surface potential can be characterized. Based on the TG ON potential characterization, and according to the MOSFET model, the TG channel doping and the oxide thickness can be extracted from the measurements. Based on the TG OFF potential characterization, the TG surface potential dependence on the TG design parameters and the pixel biasing condition are analyzed. Using this method, whether the device is suffering from the drain-introduced barrier lowering effect or the short channel effect can be easily determined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-48
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2016


  • transfer gate (TG)
  • CMOS image sensor (CIS)
  • full well capacity (FWC)
  • pinning voltage
  • potential barrier


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