Here, two methods are described for efficient genetic modification of Saccharomyces cerevisiae using CRISPR/Cas9. The first method enables the modification of a single genetic locus using in vivo assembly of a guide RNA (gRNA) expression plasmid without the need for prior cloning. A second method using in vitro assembled plasmids that could contain up to two gRNAs was used to simultaneously introduce up to six genetic modifications (e.g. six gene deletions) in a single transformation step by transforming up to three gRNA expression plasmids simultaneously. The method is not only suitable for gene deletion but is also applicable for in vivo site-directed mutagenesis and integration of multiple DNA fragments in a single locus. In all cases, the strain transformed with the gRNA expression plasmids was equipped with a genomic integration of Spcas9, leading to strong and constitutive expression of SpCas9. The protocols detailed here have been streamlined to be executed by virtually any yeast molecular geneticist.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||FEMS Yeast Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|