A Queuing Network Model of a Multi-Airport System Based on Point-Wise Stationary Approximation

Xifan Zhao, Yanjun Wang*, Lishuai Li, Daniel Delahaye

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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A multiple-airport system (MAS) consists of more than two airports in a metropolitan area under a large block of terminal airspace that is managed by one or two air traffic control units. When the capacity of an airport or of the terminal airspace drops, flight delays occur in the MAS system. A quick estimation and predication of traffic congestion in the MAS is important yet challenging. This paper aims to develop a queuing network model of MAS using point-wise stationary queues. The model analyzes the changes of non-stationary queues under the principle of flow conservation to capture flight delay propagation in the system. Regression analyses are performed to examine the relationship between the arrival and departure efficiencies of different airports. The model is validated with the data of Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macao Greater Bay Area airports. Simulation results show that the model can effectively estimate flight delays in the MAS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number390
Number of pages14
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • airspace congestion
  • delay propagation
  • M/G/1 system
  • multiple airport system
  • queuing network model


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