A review of numerical models for masonry structures

A.M. D’Altri, V. Sarhosis, G. Milani, J. Rots, S. Cattari, S. Lagomarsino, E. Sacco, A. Tralli, G. Castellazzi, S. de Miranda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Several tools for the prediction and the assessment of the structural behavior of masonry buildings have been developed in recent decades. Numerical tools have been favorably developed and preferred over analytical approaches, given the complex mechanical response of masonry and the irregular geometries of historic masonry buildings. In this chapter, a thorough review of numerical strategies for the analysis of masonry structures is presented. Additionally, classification of these strategies is also suggested to logically organize the extensive literature on this topic. Even though a wholly congruent categorization of all the numerical tools is essentially unrealistic given the specific aspects of each solution developed, the existing numerical strategies are subdivided into four classes: block-based models, continuum models, geometry-based models, and macroelement models. Each class is thoroughly reviewed and the open challenges in numerical modeling of masonry structures are critically examined.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNumerical Modeling of Masonry and Historical Structures
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Theory to Application
EditorsBahman Ghiassi, Gabriele Milani
PublisherWoodhead Publishing
Pages3 - 53
Number of pages51
ISBN (Electronic)9780081024393
ISBN (Print)9780081024409
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameWoodhead Publishing Series in Civil and Structural Engineering
PublisherWoodhead Publishing


  • Mechanics of masonry
  • classification
  • computational analysis
  • numerical methods
  • numerical modeling
  • review


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