A review of optimisation models for pedestrian evacuation and design problems

Hendrik Vermuyten, Jeroen Beliën, Liesje De Boeck, Genserik Reniers, Tony Wauters

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article presents a review of the use of optimisation models for pedestrian evacuation and design problems. The articles are classified according to the problem type that is studied, the level of model realism, and the modelling or solution technique. To substantiate the classification criteria and to provide a background for the reader, relevant empirical research and descriptive models (e.g., social-force and cellular automata models) are discussed. We conclude that most of the recent models explicitly include pedestrian dynamics, specifically congestion, but more attention should be given to calibration and implementation of the proposed models. Furthermore, optimisation models could benefit from including some of the modelling techniques used in descriptive models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-178
Number of pages12
JournalSafety Science
Volume87
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Literature review
  • Optimisation models
  • Pedestrian and crowd behaviour

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