A semianalytical methodology for pressure-transient analysis of multiwell-pad-production scheme in shale gas reservoirs, part 1: New insights into flow regimes and multiwell interference

Cong Xiao, Yu Dai, Leng Tian, Haixiang Lin, Yayun Zhang, Yaokun Yang, Tengfei Hou, Ya Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, a multiwell-pad-production (MWPP) scheme has been the center of attention as a promising technology to improve shale-gas (SG) recovery. However, the increasing possibility of multiwell pressure interference (MWPI) in the MWPP scheme severely distorts flow regimes, which strongly challenges the traditional pressure-transient analysis methods that focus on single multifractured horizontal wells (SMFHWs) without MWPI. Therefore, a methodology to identify pressure-transient response of the MWPP scheme with and without MWPI is urgent. To fill this gap, a new semianalytical pressure-transient model of the MWPP scheme is established by use of superposition theory, Gauss elimination, and the Stehfest numerical algorithm. Type curves are generated, and flow regimes are identified by considering MWPI. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is conducted. Our results show that there are good agreements between our proposed model and numerical simulation; moreover, our semianalytical approach also demonstrates a promising calculation speed compared with numerical simulation. Some expected flow regimes are significantly distorted by MWPI. In addition, well rate determines the distortion of pressure curves, whereas fracture length, well spacing, and fracture spacing determine when the MWPI occurs. The smaller the gas rate, the more severely flow regimes are distorted. As the well spacing increases, fracture length decreases, fracture spacing decreases, and the occurrence of MWPI occurs later. The stress-sensitivity coefficient has little to no influence on the occurrence of MWPI. Similar to the concept of the dual-porosity model, three new flow regimes—the single-well flow regime, MWPI flow regime, and MWPP flow regime—are artificially defined to systematically characterize the flow regimes of the MWPP scheme. This work offers some additional insights on pressure-transient response for the MWPP scheme in the SG reservoir, which can provide considerable guidance for fracture-properties estimation and well-pattern optimization for the MWPP scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)885-905
Number of pages21
JournalSPE Journal
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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