A System Dynamics Model of Standards Competition

George Papachristos, Geerten van de Kaa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
91 Downloads (Pure)


Standards competition is a complicated process influenced by a large number of factors and mechanisms. This article develops a simulation model that draws on current theory of standards competition dynamics and represents the interplay of strategic factors that firms can use to gain a competitive advantage. The model is used to reproduce four published cases of standards competition and explore alternative outcomes. Simulation results align with the published cases and show that the competition outcome arises from the systemic effect of all the factors identified in the original studies. Further simulation tests explore under which conditions competition outcomes could have been different. The model, thus, provides a basis for further theoretical and empirical work on strategic aspects of standards competition in the respective industries of the cases.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9099091
Pages (from-to)18-32
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Competition
  • dominant designs
  • platforms
  • retroduction
  • Simulation
  • Stakeholders
  • Standards
  • standards
  • Stress
  • System dynamics
  • system dynamics
  • Timing
  • Uncertainty


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