A systematic literature review on smart and personalized ventilation using CO2 concentration monitoring and control

Ge Song, Zhengtao Ai, Zhengxuan Liu*, Guoqiang Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
68 Downloads (Pure)


Smart and personalized ventilation systems have been demonstrated with high performance in creating a healthy and energy-efficient indoor environment, but they have been rarely comprehensively summarized and explored in previous studies. With the progressive development of various terminal devices and control technologies, personalized ventilation based on intelligent control is potentially a promising way to achieve efficient control and energy savings in human micro-environments. This study comprehensively summarizes and analyzes the recent studies and common utilization forms of smart ventilation and PV systems that are based on CO2 concentration control, to pave path and provide some guidelines for their integration application for reducing energy consumption and improving indoor thermal comfort. Research shows that the combination of personalized ventilation and smart ventilation is an essential development for ventilation systems. Smart ventilation with demand control logic based on CO2 concentration has been mature enough to effectively improve the effectiveness and comfortable performance of personalized ventilation. However, switching from traditional air conditioning systems to personalized ventilation still requires improved sensors and intelligent control algorithms. In addition, this paper also summarizes the exploratory studies and potential application analysis of machine-learning theories to improve intelligent control of personalized ventilation. To this end, this paper identifies future tendencies for advanced theories, integrated systems, and devices in personalized ventilation systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7523-7536
Number of pages14
JournalEnergy Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • CO concentration
  • Energy saving
  • Personalized ventilation
  • Smart control
  • Thermal comfort


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