A three-level framework for performance-based railway timetabling

Rob M.P. Goverde, Nikola Bešinović, Anne Binder, Valentina Cacchiani, Egidio Quaglietta, Roberto Roberti, Paolo Toth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


The performance of railway operations depends highly on the quality of the railway timetable. In particular for dense railway networks it can be challenging to obtain a stable robust conflict-free and energy-efficient timetable with acceptable infrastructure occupation and short journey times. This paper presents a performance-based railway timetabling framework integrating timetable construction and evaluation on three levels: microscopic, macroscopic, and a corridor fine-tuning level, where each performance indicator is optimized or evaluated at the appropriate level. A modular implementation of the three-level framework is presented and demonstrated on a case study on the Dutch railway network illustrating the feasibility of this approach to achieve the highest timetabling design level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-83
Number of pages22
JournalTransportation Research. Part C: Emerging Technologies
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016


  • Energy efficiency
  • Micro-macro
  • Railway timetabling
  • Robustness
  • Stability

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