A Versatile ± 25-A Shunt-Based Current Sensor With ± 0.25% Gain Error From − 40 ∘ C to 85 ∘ C

Zhong Tang*, Roger Zamparette, Yoshikazu Furuta, Tomohiro Nezuka, Kofi A.A. Makinwa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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This article presents a versatile shunt-based current sensor for battery management applications. It digitizes the current-induced voltage drop across an external shunt resistor with the help of a 2 nd -order delta-sigma ( ΔΣ ) ADC, whose summing node is implemented as a low-noise capacitively coupled amplifier. To compensate for the shunt’s finite temperature coefficient (TC), the TC of the ADC on-chip voltage reference can be tuned. As a result, the sensor maintains high accuracy when used with low-cost high TC shunts, such as PCB traces, as well as with more expensive low TC shunts, such as metal-alloy resistors. Optimal gain flatness over temperature is achieved by a two-current room-temperature TC tuning scheme, which exploits the shunt’s self-heating at high current levels. Fabricated in a standard 0.18- μ m CMOS process, the current sensor occupies 0.36 mm 2 and draws 265 μ A from a 1.8-V supply. Over the industrial temperature range ( − 40 ∘ C to 85 ∘ C) and a ± 25-A current range, it achieves the state-of-the-art gain error ( ± 0.25%) with both PCB (1.6 m Ω ) and metal-alloy (2 m Ω ) shunts. With these shunts, it achieves 5.3-mA/4.3-mA (rms) resolution in a 10-kHz bandwidth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3716-3725
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

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  • Capacitively coupled amplifier (CCA)
  • current sensing
  • delta-sigma () ADC
  • delta-sigma (ΔΣ) AD
  • PCB trace
  • temperature coefficient (TC)
  • temperature compensation


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