Accelerating multiscale finite element simulations of history-dependent materials using a recurrent neural network

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Abstract

FE2 multiscale simulations of history-dependent materials are accelerated by means of a recurrent neural network (RNN) surrogate for the history-dependent micro level response. We propose a simple strategy to efficiently collect stress–strain data from the micro model, and we modify the RNN model such that it resembles a nonlinear finite element analysis procedure during training. We then implement the trained RNN model in the FE2 scheme and employ automatic differentiation to compute the consistent tangent. The exceptional performance of the proposed model is demonstrated through a number of academic examples using strain-softening Perzyna viscoplasticity as the nonlinear material model at the micro level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112594
Number of pages23
JournalComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Volume357
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Deep learning
  • Machine learning
  • Multiscale modeling
  • Recurrent neural network
  • Strain softening
  • Viscoplasticity

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