Accountable AI for Healthcare IoT Systems

Prachi Bagave, Marcus Westberg, Roel Dobbe, Marijn Janssen, Aaron Yi Ding*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Various AI systems have taken a unique space in our daily lives, helping us in decision-making in critical as well as non-critical scenarios. Although these systems are widely adopted across different sectors, they have not been used to their full potential in critical domains such as the healthcare sector enabled by the Internet of Things (IoT). One of the important hindering factors for adoption is the implication for accountability of decisions and outcomes affected by an AI system, where the term accountability is understood as a means to ensure the performance of a system. However, this term is often interpreted differently in various sectors. Since the EU GDPR regulations and the US congress have emphasised the importance of enabling accountability in AI systems, there is a strong demand to understand and conceptualise this term. It is crucial to address various aspects integrated with accountability and understand how it affects the adoption of AI systems. In this paper, we conceptualise these factors affecting accountability and how it contributes to a trustworthy healthcare AI system. By focusing on healthcare IoT systems, our conceptual mapping will help the readers understand what system aspects those factors are contributing to and how they affect the system trustworthiness. Besides illustrating accountability in detail, we also share our vision towards causal interpretability as a means to enhance accountability for healthcare AI systems. The insights of this paper shall contribute to the knowledge of academic research on accountability, and benefit AI developers and practitioners in the healthcare sector.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2022 IEEE 4th International Conference on Trust, Privacy and Security in Intelligent Systems, and Applications, TPS-ISA 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages20-28
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781665474085
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event4th IEEE International Conference on Trust, Privacy and Security in Intelligent Systems, and Applications, TPS-ISA 2022 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: 14 Dec 202216 Dec 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2022 IEEE 4th International Conference on Trust, Privacy and Security in Intelligent Systems, and Applications, TPS-ISA 2022

Conference

Conference4th IEEE International Conference on Trust, Privacy and Security in Intelligent Systems, and Applications, TPS-ISA 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period14/12/2216/12/22

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

Keywords

  • Accountability
  • Healthcare AI
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Trustworthiness

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