Achieving 23.83% conversion efficiency in silicon heterojunction solar cell with ultra-thin MoOx hole collector layer via tailoring (i)a-Si:H/MoOx interface

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Abstract

Thin films of transition metal oxides such as molybdenum oxide (MoOx) are attractive for application in silicon heterojunction solar cells for their potential to yield large short-circuit current density. However, full control of electrical properties of thin MoOx layers must be mastered to obtain an efficient hole collector. Here, we show that the key to control the MoOx layer quality is the interface between the MoOx and the hydrogenated intrinsic amorphous silicon passivation layer underneath. By means of ab initio modelling, we demonstrate a dipole at such interface and study its minimization in terms of work function variation to enable high performance hole transport. We apply this knowledge to experimentally tailor the oxygen content in MoOx by plasma treatments (PTs). PTs act as a barrier to oxygen diffusion/reaction and result in optimal electrical properties of the MoOx hole collector. With this approach, we can thin down the MoOx thickness to 1.7 nm and demonstrate short-circuit current density well above 40 mA/cm2 and a champion device exhibiting 23.83% conversion efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalProgress in Photovoltaics: research and applications
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • dipole
  • fundamental study
  • industrial approach
  • numerical modelling
  • plasma treatment
  • silicon heterojunction solar cells
  • tailoring MoO
  • ultra-thin MoO

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